Необычные системы измерений в старину
ООО "Радиоспектр Плюс"
ООО "Испытательная строительная лаборатория - ВНИР"
Электросчетчики однофазные "Меркурий": краткий ликбез
ВОЛЬТМЕТРЫ. Классификация. Особенности.
Что делать, если очень хочется купить дозиметр?
At present, Russia is implementing a program of shifting the economy to an innovative way of development. With this respect a large variety of industries are all in urgent need of modern measuring devices, measuring systems and testing equipment.
In this connection we feel the need and the opportunity to reach a new level in cooperation with leading manufacturers of measuring instruments, which are not yet represented in the Russian market.
We have 6 years of experience in the field of metrology
Our work is highly appreciated by the state's largest and most prestigious organization of practical metrology Russia - FBU «Rostest-Moscow»
We have a large client base of the largest purchasers of measuring machines in Russia and CIS countries
We have practical experience of inclusion of measuring instruments in the state register and passing all the previous stages
GDP in Russia is expected to be 1176.00 USD Billion by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. In the long-term, the Russia GDP is projected to trend around 2143.25 USD Billion in 2020, according to our econometric models.
Capacity Utilization in Russia increased to 62 percent in October from 60 percent in September of 2015. Capacity Utilization in Russia averaged 54.80 percent from 1995 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 65 percent in June of 2008 and a record low of 38 percent in March of 1997. Capacity Utilization in Russia is reported by the Federal State Statistics Service.
Manufacturing PMI in Russia increased to 50.2 in October of 2015 from 49.1 in September and above market forecasts. It is the first growth since December 2014, as output expanded at the fastest pace in 11 months and new orders grew for the second straight month. Despite small job losses in October, backlogs of work fell the most in nine months. Manufacturing PMI in Russia averaged 50.22 from 2011 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 53.20 in May of 2012 and a record low of 47.60 in January of 2015. Manufacturing PMI in Russia is reported by Markit Economics.
Capital Flows in Russia is expected to be 5127.87 USD Million by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Capital Flows in Russia to stand at 3541.56 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Russia Capital Flows is projected to trend around -8606.00 USD Million in 2020, according to our econometric models.
The global analytical instrumentation market to grow at a CAGR of 6.11% over the period 2014-2019.
The trend of buyers requiring customized analytical instruments is set to change the market landscape over the forecast period, making difficult to sell standardized instruments. The increasing number of contract laboratories is also gaining popularity, particularly in APAC, which is expect to support market growth.
* according to the Decision of the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission on November 23, 2012 № 102
Source: Federal Customs Service of Russia,
Russia’s customs policy has recently seen several developments:
Classification of goods
The Customs Union’s tariff classification system, which is currently applied in Russia, is based on the internationally recognised and used Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System.
Customs valuation in Russia is in line with GATT/WTO principles. The customs value of a good is generally equivalent to the DAF/Customs Union border transaction value.
Free trade agreements
Russia has adopted free trade agreements with countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), as well as some other countries (Serbia, Montenegro).
Goods originating from these countries (e.g. Ukraine) are exempt from customs duty for import to Russia (subject to certain conditions). Furthermore, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan have formed a Customs Union, and goods moving within and between these countries are generally not subject to customs clearance.
Certain categories of goods are subject to excise tax for import to Russia (e.g. alcoholic beverages, cigarettes, etc.). The excise tax rates are usually specific (i.e. based on the volume, weight or other characteristics).
Import duty is applicable to most goods. Most customs duty rates in Russia are ad valorem (i.e. they factor in a percentage of the goods’ customs value). There are also specific duties for certain types of imports, calculated by volume, weight or quantity. Some duties have a combined rate where the two approaches are incorporated and, thus, the tax base may vary.
Base customs duty rates vary widely, from 100% but not less than EUR 2 per litre on spirits to zero for some printed materials and certain priority imports. For instance, the zero duty is applicable to a wide range of equipment
and machinery. On average, duty rates fall between 5%
and 20% of the customs value of goods. Base rates specified in the law are applicable for countries with Most Favoured Nation status. Certain raw materials and handmade goods from “developing” and “least developed” countries may be imported at 75% of the base rates or zero rates, respectively. Goods originating in other countries are subject to duty
at double the base rates.
The following goods are exempt from customs duty:
The import VAT rate for most goods is 18% of the customs value, inclusive of customs duty and excise tax (if any). Food, certain types of children’s goods and a limited selection of other goods may be subject to 10% or 0% VAT.
Customs processing fees
Customs processing fees are in place as a flat fee and vary from around EUR 13 to EUR 750 per customs declaration depending on the customs value of the goods. Goods declared electronically are subject to reduced rates for customs processing (25% reduction).
Customs payments are generally made before or during the submission of declarations to the customs authorities.
Goods may be imported under a temporary import customs regime, normally for up to two years. This is usually permitted if it is possible to identify the goods upon their re-export. Temporary importation requires the permission of the customs authorities. Upon expiry of the temporary importation
period, goods are moved out of Russia or placed under another customs regime (e.g. released for free circulation).
Temporary importation requires periodic customs payments of 3% per month of the total customs payments due if the goods have been imported for free circulation. When the goods are exported, these customs payments are not refunded. Customs can require a security (e.g. in the form of a deposit, pledge, bank guarantee, etc.) for customs payments.
Goods qualifying as fixed assets for production purposes may be admitted and subject to a 3% monthly customs payment for a temporary import period of 34 months, if the Russian user has yet to obtain property rights (e.g. for leasing). Temporarily imported goods can only be used by importers who have obtained customs’ permission for temporary importation. However, transferring such temporarily imported goods to other company is possible as long as the authorisation of the customs authorities has been obtained.
VAT exemption is also available for imported technological equipment. The Russian government has approved a list of equipment eligible for VAT exemption.
Goods imported into Russia for processing may be placed under an inward processing (IPR) procedure (subject to certain conditions).
Under IPR, goods (e.g. raw materials) imported for processing are eligible for full exemption from customs duty and import VAT, as long as the processed/finished goods
are subsequently moved out of Russia within a timeframe approved by the customs authorities. Export customs duty is not charged on exporting finished goods out of Russia.
IPRs must be authorised by the customs authorities.
In addition, only a Russian company may apply for an IPR.
Special economic zones
A number of special economic zones (SEZ) with a free customs regime have been established in Russia. Foreign goods usually imported to and used within an SEZ are eligible for exemption from import customs duty and VAT. When foreign goods or products from their processing
are subsequently released into free circulation to the rest of Russia, import customs duty and VAT are payable.
Duty-free import from a SEZ to the rest of Russia is usually not available for SEZ residents who have registered after
1 January 2012. If the goods manufactured in a particular SEZ are exported to foreign countries, they are subject to export duty, if applicable. Foreign goods that were imported into the SEZ but not processed may be re- exported without paying export customs duty.
Registration of importers and exporters
There is no established procedure for registering importers and exporters with the customs authorities. However, in practice, certain documents may be required by customs prior to import (charter documents, tax registration certificates, etc.).
Customs Union regulations establish a comprehensive list of documents required for customs clearance. In practice, the set of documents for submission to the customs authorities may vary depending on the character of imported/exported goods, conditions of the transaction, etc.
Customs value declarations
The customs value of imported goods is declared in a declaration form in which the customs value must be properly supported by the appropriate documents. The list of documents may vary depending on the terms of a particular transaction. While Customs Union regulations provide a general list of documents required to confirm the declared customs value, the list is not exhaustive.
If the customs authorities disagree with the customs value declared by an importer, they may adjust it.
Goods that are subject to customs control (e.g. imported goods that have yet to clear customs) can be stored temporarily at special warehouses before being released by the customs authorities. Although the storage period should not exceed two months, an importer can request that the customs authorities extend it up to four months.
Warehouses for temporary storage are usually located near customs offices.
NDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT SEGMENTS AND SERVICES
In the evolving marketplace as customers' expectations grow alongside emerging technologies.
Industrial Electrical Equipment
Companies in the industrial segments face evolving expectations with expanding technologies and the need to provide more efficient and responsive services.
To support business transformation goals, Industrial Equipment players need a strong IT backbone—one that unites local and global operations and standardizes procedures.